Dr. Aaron Orkin’s Power Point Canadian Emergency Care Conference Feb 22, 2016 ‘Overdose Training and Naloxone Distribution’ Dr. Orkin co-author 2015 AHA CPR guidelines Part 10:3 opioid OD See Slide page 16a below??
Dr. Orkin et al chest compression’s only for OD?? ‘Development and implementation of an opioid overdose prevention and response program in Toronto, Ontario.’ CJPH 2013;104(3)e200-4 http://journal.cpha.ca/index.php/cjph/article/view/3788
Response above article https://aliascpr.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/board-of-health-200317/
START OF POWER POINT and MY COMMENTS
Slide page 1 (see fine print) Guidelines Update: the Science of Changing Lives Quote #5 “Trained providers should administer naloxone to respiratory arrest patients with suspected opioid overdose” Response: Laypersons must follow standard medical practice to any respiratory emergency patient. Humankind has known since the invent of opium 5,500 years ago, overdose death you stop breathing. Per all medicine supply respiratory assist essential (rescue breathing) to all respiratory emergency patients.
Slide page 5a (see fine print hyperlink) Overdose: Worse than the road toll
Quote p.1 “Non-fatal overdose, where someone has stopped breathing, can lead to hypoxic brain injury, caused by a lack of oxygen to the brain. These brain injuries can cause coma, seizures and, in worst case scenarios, brain death. The long-term consequences of hypoxia depend on how long the brain is starved of oxygen. In severe cases, brain injuries from overdoses can leave people in a vegetative state.”
Response: Opioid overdose is a respiratory emergency, not a cardiac arrest until brain dead lack of oxygen. Chest compression’s only is just going to make sure you stay dead
Slide page 5b Note link to Drug Free Response: My opinion “dysfunctional civilization a cause of drug use and abuse”
Slide page 6 Response: That is an x-ray of pulmonary edema, under ventilate any respiratory emergency patient pulmonary edema can kill you days later. The second slide same page perpetuating fear of HIV/AIDS?? The coughing picture does that represent someone’s who’s alveoli sacs have been ruptured (pulmonary edema) and now the patient is spewing blood and pus??
Slide page 6b (see fine print) Gomes, Tara et al. “The burden of premature opioid-related mortality.” Addiction 2014;109(9)p.1482-1488
Response Article has no direct mention cause of death
Slide page 8a
Respond to overdose with:
– BLS [Basic Life Support rescue breathing italics mine]
Slide page 8b Walley AY, Xuan Z, Hackman HH, Quinn E, Doe-Simkins M, Sorensen-Alawad A, Ruiz S, Ozonoff A.
Opioid overdose rates and implementation of overdose education and nasal naloxone distribution in Massachusetts: interrupted time series analysis. BMJ. 2013;346:f174 Quote p.1 “providing rescue breathing, and delivering naloxone”
Slide page 9a Exploring the life-saving potential of Naloxone
NCBI December 2015;(26)12, Pages 1183–1188 Quote p.1184 “because of ethical concerns related to denying control participants access to a life-saving medication” “reverse opioid overdoses when properly trained” p. 1185 “The content of training interventions was similar across each study and largely comprised of training in recognition, prevention and management of overdose, including life support and naloxone administration”
p. 1187 “However using naloxone does not always equate to saving a life as some people may survive without it” “Given the variability of these training characteristics between the studies included in this review we elected not to include any analysis which explored how they might mediate success or not. RCT-level research comparing different THN training structures to determine the most effective delivery methods should be prioritised.” “Therefore the PoU (proportion of use) should be taken literally, not implied as a proportion of success”
Slide page 9b Angela K. Clarke et. al. ‘A Systematic Review of Community Opioid Overdose Prevention and Naloxone Distribution Programs’ Journal of Addiction Medicine January 2014 8(3):153-63
Quote p.153 “Patients that overdose are in a life threatening situation that requires an immediate medical intervention” “…..respond correctly to witnessed opioid overdose?” P.155 “…appropriate responses to overdose events, such as contacting emergency medical personnel, instructions on rescue breathing…”
Slide page 10a Rebecca E Giglio, Guohua Li and Charles J DiMaggio Effectiveness of bystander naloxone administration and overdose education programs: a meta-analysis
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs40621-015-0041-8#/page-1 Quote p.1 ” Naloxone has been the standard treatment for overdose effects like respiratory depression, sedation, and hypotension in the emergency department setting for the past 3.5 decades…” p. 2 “…overdose response strategies, such as calling 911 or using rescue breathing.”
Slide page 13 (see fine print) Seal KH, Downing M, Kral AH, Singleton-Banks S, Hammond JP, Lorvick J, Ciccarone D, Edlin BR ‘Attitudes about prescribing take-home naloxone to injection drug users for the management of heroin overdose: a survey of street-recruited injectors in the San Francisco Bay Area J. Urb. Health 2003 Jun 80(2): 291-301
Quote p. 294 “…Standard definition for heroin overdose that consisted of “stopped breathing” and “turning blue” p.297 “…we found the most common response to an overdose was an attempt lay remedies that had little or no physiological basis…”
“…possessing naloxone does not guarantee survival after an overdose because peers might not be able to locate the naloxone, or might fail to use it properly or soon enough.” p.298 “Even when 911 is called, a short response time of 5 minutes could result in irreversible brain injury..”
Response: As in near drowned 4-7 minutes till sever brain death, heart stops secondary to respiratory arrest. Chest compressions only has no affect.
Slide page 14b Response: These conditions need rescue breathing also – Drowning – Anaphylaxis – Choking – Snake Bites – Hypothermia – Cardiac arrest [Chest compressions only is for a sudden witnessed cardiac arrest only] Quote Dr. Gordon Ewy World expert on chest compression’s only “Some doctors worry that bystanders can get confused and do only chest compressions in drug-overdose and drowning cases.”
Quote Dr. Orkin “We should prevent overdose rather than treating it.” Response: Does that mean let OD’s die? Case reports women and children Naloxone ineffective kept alive rescue breathing. Read my comment Marcia L. Buck ‘Naloxone for the Reversal of Opioid Adverse Effects’ Pediatric Pharmacotherapy 2002;8(8)p.1-5 http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/441915_4
Slide page 16a Quote “Full CPR Naloxone and AED” Response: AED only works for dysrhythmias Ventricular Fibrilation and Ventricular Tachycardia.
Naloxone has no role in the management of cardiac arrest. Simple logic – patient is dead cardiac arrest. http://journals.lww.com/em-news/Fulltext/2011/10000/InFocus__Dissecting_the_ACLS_Guidelines_on_Cardiac.7.aspx
Slide page 17a Health Canada Statement on Change in Federal Prescription Status of Naloxone http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?nid=1027679
Quote “training would be required for those potentially administering the drug”
Response: Rescue breathing is essential.
Slide page 17b Liberal MP’s bill proposes ‘Good Samaritan’ immunity during overdoses http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/mp-drug-overdose-bill-1.3454146
Quote “we need every tool in the toolbox and this is one of those tools that we could use” “spending much of the rest of your life in a vegetative state”
“come up with some new actions, some new activity, some new interventions.”
Response: Appropriate response essential” “rescue breathing essential” “vegetative state severe brain hypoxia lack of oxygen”
“intervention opioid OD has been know for over 5,000 years you stop breathing”
Slide page 20a Quote “No standard first aid strategy”
Response: All 70+ references from 2015 CPR guidelines on opioid overdose and comments ALL SAY RESCUE BREATHING NO MENTION ANYWHERE CHEST COMPRESSIONS ONLY
END OF POWER POINT
Dr. Aaron Orkin, P. Leece ‘Opioid Overdose Fatality Prevention’ JAMA 2013;309(9)873 Quote “Opioid users deserve the same high-quality, evidence-based practice as other patients.”
Dr. Aaron Orkin co-author ‘Development and implementation of an opioid overdose prevention and response program in Toronto, Ontario.’ Can. J. Public Health 2013;104(3):e200-4 http://journal.cpha.ca/index.php/cjph/article/view/3788
My response to above article https://jgarythompson.wordpress.com/2016/07/04/response-cjph-20131043e200-4/
One of my moderated comments in the 2015 AHA & ILCOR resuscitation guidelines “Opioid overdose response education’ https://jgarythompson.wordpress.com/2016/07/06/opioid-overdose-response-education-bls-891/
Such an honour to receive a like on the above post from Dr. Richard Wilmot who spent years doing street outreach in disenfranchised neighbourhoods. Treating physical and mental health issues. ‘American Euphoria: Saying ‘Know’ to Drugs’ By Richard Wilmot
Letter from Heart & Stroke Foundation Chest Compression’s only for a “sudden witnessed cardiac arrest”
Harm Reduction Coalition Chest Compression’s only http://harmreduction.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/alert-hands-only-cpr.pdf Simple logic breathing problem gets rescue breaths only
Canadian Red Cross Chest compression’s only http://www.redcross.ca/training-and-certification/first-aid-tips-and-resources-/first-aid-tips/compression-only-cpr
Dr. Gordon Awy the world expert on chest compression’s only. He phoned me “Gary don’t stop what you are doing”
Quote “Some doctors worry that bystanders can get confused and do only chest compressions in drug-overdose and drowning cases [any asphixia or poisoning etc].”
AHA 2016 HANDS-ONLY CPR FACT SHEET
http://cpr.heart.org/AHAECC/CPRAndECC/Programs/HandsOnlyCPR/UCM_475604_CPR-Learn-More.jsp CPR Resources Click 2016 Hands-Only CPR Fact Sheet Word
Public Health can’t even read the instructions from the manufacture of Naloxone Hydrochloride Monograph http://www.drugs.com/monograph/naloxone-hydrochloride.html
“Administration should be accompanied by other resuscitive measures such as administration of oxygen, mechanical ventilation, or artificial respiration.”
Dec 28 2015 Metro News http://www.metronews.ca/news/toronto/2015/12/27/harm-reduction-partnership-irks-community.html “So much of this is perceptions rather than the truth,” Thompson said
Toronto Star Jan 17, 2016 http://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorials/2016/01/17/fast-track-this-life-saving-antidote-editorial.html Quote “These drugs kill by shutting down a victim’s breathing”
Alberta Feb 2, 2016 http://globalnews.ca/news/2493651/29-alberta-clinics-now-offer-naloxone-kits-for-fentanyl-overdose-treatment/ Quote “teaches mouth-to-mouth breathing and how to administer naloxone”
Letters from Public Health etc. and medical consensus https://jgarythompson.wordpress.com/
Don’t Forget to Breathe @GaryCPR
St. John Ambulance 2016. Hundreds of causes of respiratory emergency all require respiratory assist (rescue breathing) breathing emergency is not a cardiac arrest.